Records of paper collar manufacturers
- 1854-1869 and undated
Conditions Governing Access
.75 linear feet (1 box, 1 volume, 1 oversize folder)
Biographical / Historical
In the 1860s there was a race to monopolize paper collar manufacturing. William E. Lockwood, who was known as “the paper collar king of America”, led the effort to create the “Union Paper Collar Company,” a group of nineteen manufacturers who consolidated their patents and then assigned them back to the individual members. The logic was that Union Collar would collectively monolpolize the market, using its clout to prosecute or intimidate anyone selling collars outside of its authority. The pinnacle of this effort was a lawsuit filed by the Union Paper Collar Company against Van Dusen. The Union Paper Collar Company claimed an exclusive right as to the sort of paper out of which the collars were made and the device by which the collar was turned over. The claim was founded on a grant to them of a patent, reissued to Andrew Evans; the claim of similar right as to the device by which the collar was turned over, was founded on the grant to them of a patent reissued to Solomon Gray. The case was argued in 1874 and the court found that that the patentee was not the original and first inventor of the patented improvement described in either of the claims of his patent.
Immediate Source of Acquisition
- Records of Paper Collar Manufacturers, 1854-1869 and undated: A Finding Aid
- Baker Library
- Description rules
- EAD ID
Part of the Baker Library Special Collections, Harvard Business School, Harvard University Repository
Baker Library Special Collections holds unique resources that focus on the evolution of business and industry, as well as the records of the Harvard Business School, documenting the institution's development over the last century. These rich and varied collections support research in a diverse range of fields such as business, economic, social and cultural history as well as the history of science and technology.
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