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COLLECTION Identifier: Arch GA 50.14.1

George C. Lodge papers

This collection includes papers of Harvard Business School professor George Cabot Lodge documenting his research, teaching, and professional activities.


  • 1958-2010

Conditions Governing Access

Collection is open for research. Materials stored onsite. HBS Archives collections require a secondary registration form, please contact for more information.

Use copies have not been made for audiovisual material in this collection. Collection restrictions, copyright limitations, or technical complications may hinder Special Collection’s ability to provide access to audiovisual content. For further information please contact reference staff at


45.5 linear feet (91 boxes)

This collection reflects the work of George Cabot Lodge as a teacher, researcher, and public intellectual. Extensive correspondence documents Lodge’s communications within Harvard and with other academics, business, and government leaders. Lodge wrote frequently on many issues related to business, economics, and government and collected memos on his own research, book reviews, letters to the editor, op-ed columns, speeches and works submitted to him for comment by other scholars.

His own research is documented through drafts of articles for professional journals, case studies and teaching notes, and published books. Lodge’s collaborative research on the Comparative Ideology Project and Seventy-Fifth Anniversary Colloquium at Harvard Business School are also documented. Teaching materials collect Lodge’s course work and handouts from Business, Government and the International Economy, Comparative Business-Government Relations, Environmental Analysis for Management and other MBA courses as well as Lodge’s work with the executive Advance Management Program. Biographical material includes photographs, drafts of an unpublished memoir, and other personal writings.

The collection is divided into six series: I. Correspondence, II. Subject Files, III. Teaching, IV. Writings and Speeches, V. Research and Projects, and VI. Biographical.

Biographical Note:

George Cabot Lodge was born July 7, 1927, to Henry Cabot Lodge II and Emily Esther Sears. His father would serve as U.S. Senator from Massachusetts, U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, and U.S. Ambassador to South Vietnam, among other political offices. Lodge served in the U.S. Navy from 1945-46, and then graduated cum laude from Harvard College in 1950. Straight from college he began working as a political reporter and columnist for the Boston Herald. In 1954, he became Director of Information for the United States Department of Labor. President Eisenhower appointed him Assistant Secretary of Labor for International Affairs in 1958. President Kennedy renewed his appointment in 1961.

Despite lacking a graduate degree, Harvard Business School appointed him lecturer in 1961. While at HBS, Lodge completed his first book based on his experiences in government, Spearheads of Democracy: The Role of Labor in Developing Countries, published in 1962. He left HBS in 1962 to run as the Republican candidate for U.S. Senate against Edward M. Kennedy. Returning to the HBS faculty in 1963, Lodge played a major role in establishing the Central American Institute of Business Administration (Instituto Centroamericano de Administracion de Empresas-INCAE). He became an associate professor of business administration at Harvard in 1968 and received tenure in 1972.

In 1970, Lodge published his next book Engines of Change: United States Interests and Revolution in Latin America, which emerged from a three year research project in the remote province of Verguas in Panama and argued that economic development was more accurately seen as psychological and political change. This work encouraged Congress to establish a new government agency, The Inter-American Foundation (IAF), of which Lodge was vice-chairman for seven years. Lodge published The New American Ideology in 1975 which documented the need for Americans to shift from ideology of individualism to recognizing community needs. Lodge expanded on this topic in 1984’s The American Disease. Lodge’s other works include Ideology and National Competitiveness with Ezra F. Vogel (1987), Perestroika for America: Restructuring U.S. Business-Government Relations for Competitiveness in the World Economy (1990), Managing Globalization in the Age of Interdependence (1995) and A Corporate Solution to Global Poverty with Craig Wilson (2006). Additionally, Lodge has published more than 40 articles, including 12 in the Harvard Business Review.

In the early 1980s, he developed Comparative Business-Government Relations (CBGR), an MBA elective examining the roles of government and business in this country and abroad. Later in the decade, he was a leading figure in teaching a new required module in Decision Making and Ethical Values. The Government of Singapore named Lodge a Lee Kuan Yew Fellow and he received an honorary doctorate from INCAE in 1994. In 1997, Lodge retired from the active faculty at HBS. He served as director of Nordic American Tanker Shipping from 1997-2007. Lodge is currently the Jaime and Josefina Chua Tiampo Professor of Business Administration, Emeritus.

Series Outline

The collection is arranged in the following series:
  1. Series I. Correspondence, 1980-2001
  2. ___ Subseries A. Correspondence [General], A-Z, 1980-2001
  3. ___ Subseries B. Correspondence - Harvard, A-Z, 1981-2001
  4. Series II. Subject Files, 1960s-2000s
  5. ___ Subseries A. 1960s
  6. ___ Subseries B. 1970s
  7. ___ Subseries C. 1980s
  8. ___ Subseries D. 1990s
  9. ___ Subseries E. 2000s
  10. Series III. Teaching, Compiled, 1967-2009
  11. ___ Subseries A: Business, Government and the International Economy, 1979-2003
  12. ___ Subseries B: Comparative Business-Government Relations, 1973-1988
  13. ___ Subseries C: Environment Analysis for Management, 1972-78
  14. ___ Subseries D: Advanced Management Program, 1972-1994
  15. ___ Subseries E: Teaching Subject Files and Notes, 1967-2009
  16. Series IV. Writings and Speeches, Compiled, 1959-1990
  17. Series V. Research and Projects (various HBS colloquia, group writing projects), 1982-1987
  18. ___ Subseries A: Comparative Ideology Project, 1984-1987
  19. ___ Subseries B: Seventy-Fifth Anniversary Colloquium, 1982-1985
  20. Series VI. Biographical, 1958-2009
  21. ___ Subseries A. Photographs, 1958-2000
  22. ___ Subseries B. Unpublished Memoir, 1997-2009
  23. ___ Subseries C. Subject Files, 1961-2001


Gift of George C. Lodge, received in separate accessions in 1995 and 2012 [Accession #'s: A-95-40, A-12-41, and A-12-44].

Processing Information

Processed: June 2014

By: Liam Sullivan and Myles Crowley

A small portion of the collection was processed in 1995. This collection was integrated with the papers accessioned in 2012.

Computer files on 3.5 inch floppy disks were imaged using AccessData’s FTK (Forensic Toolkit) imaging software. Files were then extracted, surveyed, screened for privacy and confidentiality concerns, and transferred to secure storage.
Link to catalog
Lodge, George C., 1927-. George C. Lodge Papers, 1958-2010: A Finding Aid
Baker Library

Repository Details

Part of the Baker Library Special Collections, Harvard Business School, Harvard University Repository

Baker Library Special Collections holds unique resources that focus on the evolution of business and industry, as well as the records of the Harvard Business School, documenting the institution's development over the last century. These rich and varied collections support research in a diverse range of fields such as business, economic, social and cultural history as well as the history of science and technology.

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